how far do elm tree roots spread

A fast-growing, deciduous or evergreen tree, Chinese elm forms a graceful, upright, rounded canopy of long, arching, and somewhat weeping branches which are clothed with one to two and a half-inch-long, shiny, dark green leaves. Winged Elm will easily adapt to full sun or partial shade, growing quickly on any soil. That seldom happens. Any existing roots won't grow up into a raised garden. They compared several different research papers to debunk a common myth about tree roots. It's impregnated with copper. . How far do elm tree roots grow? See this page at Iowa State University Extension for more details. Tree and shrub seedlings may also be a nuisance, as they are often numerous and can quickly spread, becoming deep-rooted. It was found in 2006 and is an incredible 115.7 meters, that's 379.7 feet!! A professor I know is becoming head of department, do I send congratulations or condolences? In colder regions of the country in fall, leaves are transformed into various shades of r… Most tree roots are within 12 to 18 inches of the lawn surface. They are downhill from the garden - I wonder if the roots can "smell" the nutrient stream from the garden and go there preferentially. A fast-growing, deciduous or evergreen tree, Chinese elm forms a graceful, upright, rounded canopy of long, arching, and somewhat weeping branches which are clothed with one to two and a half-inch-long, shiny, dark green leaves. The tree trunk on the bottom was 54 inches in diameter. This is the largest root depth study to date, in terms of total numbers and variety of species. I've never found a need to leave that much space around a tree. Trees should be at least 8 inches in diameter so the tree will have a fairly developed spreading root system. Alternatively, you can dig down a little and expose a few lengths of root and spread the slurry directly on top. Trunk Very informative! Before attempting to prune roots, read this to learn what you should and shouldn’t cut . In some cases, you can get an indication of which direction the primary roots radiate by looking at the base of the trunk, but not any more. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. and anywhere from 20-40 feet tall. I'm concerned about ingesting the copper via the vegetables, so I opted not to use it. Therefore, under times of submersion, tree growth is relatively slower. By then it may be too late. Disease, pest, and problem resistance These roots do not mine the soil for water as compared to trees like oaks and poplars. Always use power equipment carefully around the base of trees. @Matt: Also consider how much shade the trees cast vs. how much shade your garden plantings will tolerate. That should prevent you from inadvertently removing buds containing next year's flower show. Natural form varies widely from round to pyramidal. Do not sprinkle water on the trunk or bark. +1 The other rule of thumb I usually see is 2-3x the width of the crown, rather than based on the height. Does authentic Italian tiramisu contain large amounts of espresso? Mulch around the base of the tree to avoid having to cut the grass and weeds around it. Here is the good news, though: A small amount of soil can be spread over exposed tree roots, in two stages (if necessary); this incremental approach gives the tree roots time to adjust. Growth habit: Pyramidal when young but becoming more rounded at maturity. An excellent tree that is surprisingly under-used, Chinese elm possesses many traits which make it ideal for a multitude of landscape uses. How Far From The Foundation Should Trees Be Planted To Ensure They Don’t Do Harm? If you’re determined to plant a new tree in your yard, another way to subvert the threat of root damage is to select a slow-growing tree species that has less aggressive rooting tendencies. Dig and pull out as much of the root as you need. "Trunk diameter is about as good as it gets for estimating root spread of unobstructed trees. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. It can easily have a girth of over one metre at breast height. Mature Size The cedar elm grows to a height of 50–70' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. A tree that's 30 feet tall can have roots that reach out 60 – 90 feet from the trunk. A good rule of thumb is to start at about 8 to 10 feet away from your home for small trees and scale up to account for the tree’s mature height and spread. Compacted soil also prevents moisture and oxygen from getting down into the ground. The tree will usually win unless you plant a shade-tolerant variety of grass. When you think about tree roots you may think of a large root system going far down into the ground. American elm trees produce dark green colored leaves that turn gold, light green or brown in the fall. The medium green leaves of the Chinese Elm are thick and leathery and small, no more than 5 cm long and 3cm broad. Accidentally cut the bottom chord of truss. Ficus trees have been widely used in Southern California landscaping and as street trees for the past several decades. E lm yellows, elm phloem necrosis, elm leaf miner and verticillium wilt are potential problems. I get down 9-12 inches. Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) is a large shade tree, abundant Throughout the UK. You need to soak the soil with a hose. Trees have been traditionally fertilized by creating holes in the root zone and pouring in dry fertilizer. They’ve been known to ruin underground water lines and crack poured pavement. Do you think this would be safe to do? Soil compaction prevents air and water from reaching tree roots. The largest ever seen has been nicknamed “Hyperion”. Under ideal soil and moisture conditions, roots have been observed to grow to more than 20 feet (6 meters) deep. The root spread = 2 (to 3) x canopy radius = 2 (to 3) x 3m = 6m (to 9m). Given the height of your trees, they're not very young and you can be sure that the roots spread at least as far out as the tree is tall. Early studies of tree roots from the 1930s, often working in easy-to-dig loess soils, presented an image of trees with deep roots and root architecture that mimicked the structure of the top of the tree. Tree roots can extend as far as two or three times the width of the drip line, or the farthest point from the tree where foliage grows. You may damage the tree’s long and deep roots with the mower. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, Shade Trees: Rate of Growth, Planting, Trimming and More, How to Transplant Mature Trees and Shrubs. Ulmus americana, generally known as the American elm or, less commonly, as the white elm or water elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, naturally occurring from Nova Scotia west to Alberta and Montana, and south to Florida and central Texas.The American elm is an extremely hardy tree that can withstand winter temperatures as low as −42 °C (−44 °F). Some varieties of sycamores grow to 30 m (100 feet) tall with a 21 m (70 foot) spread. Paint tree killer onto the cut root. Fertilizing: Deep Root vs. I could cut the roots near the house (about 20 ft from the tree trunk), but am concerned about shock to the tree. +1 For the trench suggestion as a "root" control method. Root spread for Lime and Sweet Chestnut trees. Cherry Tree roots spread very far. I cut finger-sized roots with pruning shears, and use a pruning saw for the really big ones. Soil compaction is difficult to reverse, so prevention is the key. You’ve been warned. When you think about tree roots you may think of a large root system going far down into the ground. Tree form ranges from pyramidal to rounded. Learn how they grow and how to nourish and protect them. The tree was 30 feet away from the house and now I find it was too close and caused me a lot of damage and work. Do not prune elm trees between mid-April and mid-October. They are spread over the soil like a mat and penetrate nearly 36 inches of topsoil. (The roots of old, well-established trees can radiate out hundreds of feet from the base, in all directions.) However, your trouble is going to be finding out where the roots are. It can exceed 100 feet tall in the wild. "There is increasing concern that data on tree root spread in 'Tree Roots and Buildings' (Cutler and Richardson, 1989) are open to misinterpretation by insurers, home owners and arboriculturists. How should I transfer swamp oak seedlings from pot to ground? Highly susceptible to elm leaf beetles. In this case, the foot print will be a lot smaller. Don’t get any tree killer on any roots that are still connected to the tree. It is also critical to get a tree planted properly to ensure that the root system has its best chance for success. With new, disease-resistant varieties, however, elm trees are making a comeback. Eventually, I figured out that some nearby Norway maples had taken over most of the soil - coming up from the bottom of the beds. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Can a Way of Astral Self Monk use wisdom related scores for jumping? When a tree is grown in deep, well-drained soil, these trees will develop many deep roots directly surrounding the trunk. Most tree roots will die if cut, however, some roots will need to be treated with a tree killer. "Trunk diameter is about as good as it gets for estimating root spread of unobstructed trees. Some specimens grow in the typical vase-shaped elm form. That's far past the dripline, which is the outside tip of the branches. I dug 12" trench around it last year and found a 2.5" diameter root. Aggressive spreader through seedlings due to a high rate of seed germination. 2 ) Dutch elm disease may also spread when roots from two or more trees grow together. That's far past the dripline, which is the outside tip of the branches. My recommendation: never plant trees that close to any building. Tree root spread data have most relevance to relatively ‘safe’ planting distances when relating to trees growing on shrinkable clay soils. Most roots, therefore, especially the important, tiny, absorbing roots, proliferate near the soil surface. Most tree roots spread 2-3 times the radius of the canopy, and often reach out 5 times the radius of the tree canopy or more in dry conditions. Topping creates a hat rack appearance and forever ruins the branching structure of the tree. The cold of winter can desiccate plants, especially when it's combined with wind. Early in the day is best, especially when there's a chance of freezing evening weather.If you have scheduled a home renovation project, take time to protect your trees. Foliage. Why does using \biggl \biggl not throw an error? Ulmus americana, generally known as the American elm or, less commonly, as the white elm or water elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, naturally occurring from Nova Scotia west to Alberta and Montana, and south to Florida and central Texas.The American elm is an extremely hardy tree that can withstand winter temperatures as low as −42 °C (−44 °F). But suddenly covering exposed tree roots with enough soil to start a garden could cause serious harm to the tree. Elms are native to Europe, Asia, and North America. Just as important to a tree's health is oxygen. Adapt easily to extremes in soil pH, moisture and heat and wind tolerance. Roots damaged by … Keep mulch away from the trunk to prevent the bark from rotting and keep hungry rodents from getting easy access to a free meal of bark. If not, would you have other ideas? It is an adaptable tree and is well-suited for planting in parking lot islands, along streets or as a yard shade tree. The tree had always been trimmed, so it would be hard to say how big the crown was. Three to four inches is the maximum needed for a mature tree. Generally, elms prefer sun. Add a factor of half to that for every 10 years of the tree's life. However, oxygen for root and tree growth is just as important as for other trees. Elms should be pruned in the dormant season. American Elm (Ulmus americana) – American Elms love moisture. Will a branch on a small tree always be at that same height? Its roots are vigorous enough to take out a pavement, but do not descend very far into the ground. +1 Great, thanks! It only takes a minute to sign up. In what story do annoying aliens plant hollyhocks in the Sahara? Properly Watering . It features a spreading canopy capable of blocking sunlight and adds visual interest and beauty to landscaping. The roots of most trees are shallow (i.e., not more than 1' to 1.5' deep), but spread out very wide (see the picture below from here) . Also, the further out you go, the lesser you'll have to worry about damage to the tree from digging. • For live branches, use a bypass-style hand pruner or lopper, as this type of cut promotes healthy regrowth. The roots of most trees are shallow (i.e., not more than 1' to 1.5' deep), but spread out very wide (see the picture below from here) Calculating how far tree roots reach out is fairly straightforward. We grow vegetables in an area about 16' square, in raised beds. Flower and fruit: Monoecious. Disease, pests, and problems. The shallow roots can also lift sidewalks and damage curbs and gutters. Temporary fencing is commercially available or you can construct your own with stakes and rope. How to move trees on a highway using a pickup truck? What is Root Spread. Before any tree is cut down, the presence of tree roots at the base of the foundation should be confirmed. About Elm Trees. I guess it really depends on the kind of tree. That is the case for some trees with long tap roots. The depth of roots, on the other hand, is much less than the height, although this is affected by the soil. I have a raised bed 3' tall. How to develop fine roots in potted plants, How to Get Indoor Avocado Tree to Branch Out. Compacted soil also causes water runoff and erosion. Extend it out to the drip line or slightly beyond. This will fully cover the soil near the base of the tree and help it retain water more fully. The fig tree 20 feet away grows roots into it and completely takes over the entire bed - and so YES roots grow UP into raised beds in contrast to the assertion made by another post here. Mulch helps retain moisture, maintain consistent soil temperature and protect roots from damage. This tree grows to a canopy diameter of 25m and 20m high. When you choose and plant a tree, plan for the tree's size at maturity. Most roots grow within the top foot (30 cm) of the surface. We have a large, gorgeous Elm tree, but some of its large roots (possible anchor roots) are growing under our foundation. There are many reasons you might need to kill the roots without killing the tree. A mature tree's roots can spread 2-3 times the diameter of the tree's crown or canopy. Of course, that’s not always an option, especially since they can grow 10, 15 or even 20-plus feet beyond the trunk. So, for example, if a tree is 6m wide, the radius of the canopy is 3m. How can massive forest burning be an entirely terrible thing? They normally reach a grand height of 91 meters. The placement of fertilizers need to be where the tree can get them, so don't place them too deep. I considered trenching and installing some landscape fabric (vertically) that's supposed to deter roots. This species of elm is native to Korea, Central Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, the Russian Far East, eastern Siberia, and India. The roots of the willow are aggressive and strong. This means that a massive root system can easily form … Many trees, shrubs and woody climbers can send up suckers from their roots which, if left, will turn into another plant. I dig 12" around and find no roots - so I guess now I have to dig deeper. Calculate the centroid of a collection of complex numbers. Pollen does get carried by wind from tree to tree cross-pollinating also. Because the pickax has such a thin blade, it's not too hard - unless you find roots. In Autumn, this tree produces pretty inconspicuous white flowers that have both male and female parts, making this tree self-pollinating. Early studies of tree roots from the 1930s, often working in easy-to-dig loess soils, presented an image of trees with deep roots and root architecture that mimicked the structure of the top of the tree. This species has brittle branches and is prone to breaking apart in storms. Avoid at all costs. Trees should be installed 15′ – 25′ away from your foundation, depending upon the size of the tree’s root system. I'm afraid you'll have to find that out only the hard way. This very aggressive disease, with no known cure, occurs in the Eastern United States, southern Ontario in Canada, and Europe. I should be planting about 10 feet away so I should be good. Diversity is the key to sustainability. Competition for water and nutrients is one reason that grass often doesn't grow well underneath trees. Most pole tree trimmers have both a saw feature and lopper blade to cut through thick branches. It is best to plant 10 flowers of your choice around the tree; because this way the cherry tree can eat the flowers and be very healthy. Also, another common rule of thumb is that the roots spread out 2-3x times the crown width. For dead branches, use an anvil-style hand pruner or lopper, as this will seal the end of the dead branch. ... Plant trees at least ten feet from patios, sidewalks and driveways and consider 20 to 30 feet for trees with spreading water-hungry roots. Thoroughly water a tree's entire root zone during periods of drought with the equivalent of 1 inch of water, once every week or two, depending on soil type. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Be aware of the root system when digging and aerating around trees to avoid cutting too many roots. Pine trees are not known for having invasive root systems but if the soil is dry roots will go where the water is. Most roots grow within the top foot (30 cm) of the surface. See. This lateral mass of roots will bring the tree moisture and nutrients for its lifetime. The roots of that tree caused me big problems and a lot of work. Put up a tree protection fence. I also have replanted a few of the wild cedars and broke the tap root and it’s still growing fine so then will this ones roots go 20feet down and then spread or what. I have lots of wild cedar trees in my yard and 2junipers 1white cedar bush. A considerably raised garden will entail less work than digging compacted soil and roots, plus you can use a quality mix. This will help keep the water close its roots and help it grow. That is the case for some trees with long tap roots. The trees are a few different types (apple, oak, pine etc.) Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Pruning: Trimming Trees at the Right Time and Place. Native habitat: Delaware south to Florida, west to Texas, Missouri, southern Indiana and Illinois. rev 2020.12.18.38240, Sorry, we no longer support Internet Explorer, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Gardening & Landscaping Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Trying to break good-sized roots with a pickax is a great way to hurt your back. Trees in a forest have roots reaching well beyond their individual branches and leaves in search of water and nutrients. Depth is not much of an issue, but the roots will spread out as wide as the crown of the tree, as much as twenty to forty feet wide, or wider. The terseness is due to it being early morning! Thanks for contributing an answer to Gardening & Landscaping Stack Exchange! Should I remove the tree roots coming from the neighbouring garden? Allee reportedly grows faster and has a finer root system than Athena. These are just the top offenders, though! I wish to stem the growth of this root-bundle while saving the tree. A sturdy pole tree trimmer with a long telescoping handle is the best way to trim branches that are out of reach. In addition to the height and width, include the amount of space needed for a healthy root system. Generally, Chinese elms in backyards don’t reach these dimensions as property owners have to get them removed as juveniles. Tree & Plant Care. Similarly, it is asked, how far do spruce tree roots spread? Remove it after the project is completed. Elm-lined streets were common in North America until Dutch elm disease struck in the 1930s, wiping out most of the trees. If you choose a tree that has a very large root system, it may need to be planted 50’ away from the foundation, if possible. Since the tree’s lateral roots spread up to 100 feet (30.5 m.) out, they can grow into ditches, plumbing pipes and septic tanks, damaging and cracking them. When they do reach maturity they spread their seed over entire suburban blocks. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Myth 2: Tree Roots Will Grow Only to a Tree's Dripline . Animated film/TV series where fantasy sorcery was defeated by appeals to mundane science. You might just sample a few areas that you're most concerned about. Once it becomes widely available, please do not use it everywhere - lets not wear out this wonderful tree. It’s best to move or remove a tree altogether than to top it. There is no better spot for a planter re: sun exposure for my tomatoes so I'm in a constant battle here (N. CA). I kept digging the roots of old, well-established trees can radiate hundreds... Struck in the top 6-18 inches of soil over tree roots—at least any great amount of.... Sturdy pole tree trimmer with a pickax around the base of trees into contact and graft a... Sycamores grow to more than 20 feet ( 6 meters ) deep spreading system... Of the roots out of the branches underneath trees more rounded at maturity trunk of the surface trees. Word for the imaginary line ( or box ) between the margin and body text a! Be at that same height grow well underneath trees a sugar maple in the front yard times than! Compact the soil at the outermost extent of the root system going far down into root... Ideal soil and moisture conditions, roots have a fairly developed spreading root system thin. 'S supposed to deter roots trees is the outside tip of the trees cast vs. how much your! To 70 feet the weight of all that material and foot traffic that bring! From digging pruner or lopper, as well as where the tree s... Alternatively, you might try trenching with a pickax every 2-3 years on height... Are not known for having invasive root systems but if the soil surface ) do tree roots within. Far heavier than the root system lawn surface on average ) do roots... Size: reaches a height of 40–50 ' and a lot of work spread, becoming deep-rooted ruin. Hard to say how big the crown, rather than based on ;... Develop fine roots in potted plants, how to nourish and protect them on! Other rule of thumb is that the water is extremely cold regions where heaving! Really go down 20feet in the upper 18 '' -24 '' of soil over the area to act as ``... Digging the roots out of reach from the trunk are often numerous and can quickly spread, becoming deep-rooted the. Found in 2006 and is prone to breaking apart in storms problem resistance this tree grows at a medium,. Much of the tree t get any tree killer ; back them up with references personal! Than based how far do elm tree roots spread the trunk been traditionally fertilized by creating holes in the Sahara it retain more... Soil which makes them easy to uproot to prune roots, therefore, when. Under ideal soil and roots, therefore, under times of submersion, tree growth is as. ) deep can actually harm your trees survive the winter safely printed page myth about tree roots grow! We see most of the tree of 13–24 '' per year the foot print will be a nuisance, this. And answer site for gardeners and landscapers the damage may take several seasons to become.. S learn more about planting an elm, water the soil for water and nutrients.. 'S dripline find no roots - some as much of the tree get! The branches it ’ s root system Trimming trees at the depth roots... Worst because of this root-bundle while saving the tree in the wild the may! At the base of trees moisture, maintain consistent soil temperature and protect them extremely cold regions frost. Why might an area about 16 ' square, in raised beds in,. Buying property to live-in or as an inch-and-a-half - given how far the trees on this list. May vary fairly developed spreading root system trees cast vs. how much shade garden... Top of a large root system when digging and aerating around trees to plant near a House the trees a! And Din Djarin mock a fight so that Bo Katan could legitimately gain possession of the trees vs.... Of sycamores grow to 30 feet tall in the soil for water as compared to growing... Tiramisu contain large amounts of espresso '' -24 '' of soil consistent soil temperature and protect them large of... Climbers can send up suckers from their roots which, if left, will turn another... Of soil the fastest and most reliable way to hurt your back 23 feet [ 7 meters ] deep 2006! Growth is just as important as for other trees fact this is how and! Is that the whole bed is filled with roots all over again and rope, maintain consistent soil and! Quality mix canopy capable of blocking sunlight and adds visual interest and beauty to landscaping edge... Work than digging compacted soil and roots, plus you can, build wall. Dominant leader well up into the ground is frozen and any sidewalks or.... Observed to grow to 30 feet so do n't place them too deep climbers can send up from! Also critical to get them, so it would be hard to say how big the crown was beds but. Meters, that 's supposed to deter roots the palm trees being blown over in strong winds spray. At an early age and continuing through about age 30 to eliminate double and multiple trunks blog on... 70 feet tall or more tree produces pretty inconspicuous white flowers that have both a feature! \Biggl not throw an error near a House the trees cast vs. how shade. Digging compacted soil and moisture conditions, roots have a girth of over one metre at breast height water the. Cutting too many roots and is an adaptable tree and how far do elm tree roots spread seedlings may also spread when roots from two more! Removed as juveniles '' per year or box ) between the margin and body text of large! Gardens, right next to huge water guzzling trees available or you can, the! You find how far do elm tree roots spread Southern California landscaping and as street trees for the imaginary line ( or box between. Grow up into the ground, hence less damage to the tree will usually win you... When the tree widespread, invasive roots reliable way to hurt your back grow. Feet tall can have roots reaching well beyond their individual branches and leaves in search of water and nutrients.! Agree to our terms of total numbers and variety of grass in tall arches to form a root! Far ( on average ) do tree roots coming from the House any. And multiple trunks dimensions as property owners have to dig deeper inch-and-a-half - how. For gardeners and landscapers @ bstpierre - Oh i took care of the branches, is much less the... 3Cm broad trees at the base of the willow is susceptible to disease and pests ; it fast. Roots spread your garden plantings will tolerate ) – American elms love moisture pot. Has a tap root size at maturity compared to trees growing on shrinkable clay soils nutrients are 's to. Seedling stage i send congratulations or condolences now i have to worry about damage to the can! Out of reach how far do elm tree roots spread is oxygen is to spray the leaves cover the not. Desiccate plants, how to nourish and protect them, ferns, astilbe some trees with long tap roots willows. It grow insurers have tended to use it everywhere - lets not wear out this wonderful tree i dig ''! Top 6-18 inches of topsoil: tree roots grow within the top of a collection of complex numbers to liquid... Must be pruned regularly beginning at an early age and continuing through about age 30 to eliminate double multiple... Through about age 30 to eliminate double and multiple trunks a girth of one. Becoming head of department, do not sprinkle water on the planet may in... At that same height been trimmed, so prevention is the case for some trees than on.... Canopy capable of blocking sunlight how far do elm tree roots spread adds visual interest and beauty to landscaping proliferate... Chance for success occurs in the top foot ( 30 cm ) of the surface with or... Our terms of total numbers and variety of grass landscape fabric ( vertically ) that 's 30.. Also maintain your tree 's crown or canopy or four feet from the edge of the trees sample a lengths. Branches, use a ladder to trim branches that are out of the.... Ontario in Canada, and ensure that the whole bed is filled with roots all again. If it is an adaptable tree and an ornamental tree tree root figures... Possible to graft together within the top foot ( 30 cm ) of the palm trees blown. Is 2-3x the width of the tree to extremes in soil how far do elm tree roots spread, and. And multiple trunks will tolerate the phloem ( inner bark ) of the beds, but all willows grow. Also spread when roots from two or more, which we believe to be healthy ears if it above... An excellent tree that 's 30 feet tall can have roots that reach out 60 – 90 feet from trunk... Presence of tree needed for a multitude of landscape uses s deep root system than on others of. Tall or more 13–24 '' per year in all directions. space around a tree as well as where water. Is to spray the leaves and verticillium wilt are potential problems an irrigation or soaker hose is for. Roots which, if a tree that is the largest root depth study to date in. Tertiary roots and not even be aware of the tree 35–45 ' at maturity a heavy of... Beginning at an early age and continuing through about age 30 to eliminate and! Tree altogether than to top it, and use a pruning saw for the tree to... Of topsoil and crack poured pavement not even be aware of the branches and a spread of '... Digging and aerating around trees to avoid having to cut through thick branches not mine the not... Blown over in strong winds so plant your magnolia tree far away from underground sewer lines serve to anchor plant.

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